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Советы для изучающих английский язык. Formal and informal English

30.09.2016

Формальный английский язык используется в книгах, документах, новостных репортажах, деловых письмах и официальных обращениях.

На неформальном английском общаются в повседневных ситуациях и дружеской переписке.
Предложения в формальном языке, как правило, более длинные и сложные.
Ниже приводятся различия между этими двумя стилями, встречающиеся в переписке по электронной почте.

Formal English
Dear Sir/Madam, Dear Mr/Mrs (фамилия)

Начало беседы
With reference to our telephone conversation yesterday (about)
Thank you for your email regarding
I am writing on behalf of
I am writing to draw your attention to


Просьба

I would appreciate if you could
I would be most grateful if you would
Would you be so kind and
I was wondering if you could


Извинения

We apologise for any inconvenience caused
Please accept our sincere apologies


Спор

I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with
I find it most unsatisfactory that
I’d like to complain about


Завершение разговора

I look forward to hearing from you
If you require any further information, please don’t hesitate to contact me
Please feel free to contact me if you have further questions

Подпись

Yours sincerely
Yours faithfully


Informal English
Dear (имя), Hi, Hello

Начало беседы
It was nice to hear from you
It’s been ages since I’ve heard from you
How are you? Hope you and your family are doing well
I am writing to let you know


Просьба

You don’t mind …ing (…) (for me), do you?
Do me a favour, will you?
Would it be possible for you to?
Can/Could I ask you to?


Извинения

Sorry for any trouble caused
We are very sorry


Спор

I’m fed up with (someone/something)
I am not happy with
I’m rather annoyed with


Завершение разговора

Give my love to
Hope to hear from you soon
Just give me a call if you have any questions


Подпись

Lots of love
All the best
Best wishes



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